>> announcer: this is al jazeera. hello there, welcome to the newshour, i'm laura kyle in doha. these are the main stories. >> the price of tragedies and others on mt sinjar is harrowing. the u.n. urges the world communities to do more for iraqi civilians fleeing from islamic state fighters. more than 20 are killed in baghdad as nouri al-maliki refuses to hand over to his
appointed successor. plus, a trial of ousted egyptian president hosni mubarak over the killing of protesters. ukraine announces the despatch of a humanitarian aid convoy an act of russian sinizize im. will closing borders at night help venezuela and columbia? >> iraq's prime minister nouri al-maliki is still rejecting the appointment of his successor, describing it has a voilation of the constitution. nouri al-maliki is waiting for federal court whether he can keep his job. >> 24 people have been killed in explosives in baghdad, the first at a czech point owned by the
newly -- checkpoint owned by the newly nominated prime minister haiderrk al-abadi. the united nations warns 20,000 yazidis dropped on a mountain could be massacred. some escaped after kurdish forces opened a corridor for them across the border. the u.s. defense secretary chuck hagel says the u.s. will deploy 120 more military advisors, and they'll be there to assess the extent of the humanitarian crisis. the u.s. is carrying out air strikes against the islamic state fighters. >> let's have a look at baghdad. nouri al-maliki is coming out to speak, and he is as defiant as ever. >> undoubtedly defiant as ever, he used the weekly address to
justify why he is thinking on to power. what he said was - is that he needs to respect the goat of the people. we have to remember that the party security the most seats in parliament. "the power of now" is saying that he is -- so nouri al-maliki is saying he's clinging on to power to protect the democracy in iraq, saying the new prime minister haiderrk al-abadi was unconstitutional and criticised the united states, the arab league to support the conversation. nouri al-maliki is looking isolated. he lost a lot of support, even the shia parties, throwing their weight behind haiderrk al-abadi, and he was supposed to give a first public address, but it has been postponed. he has brought support, not just from iraqi parties, but the international community, the
obama administration making clear that they would support him in his efforts to form an inclusive government. in a government. they need to form national unity and reconciliation to face the threat. at the end of the day it's not just the political crisis, there's a war. the islamic state has taken over a lot of territory. at the same time there are sunni groups fighting with them. you need to bring them in to the political process. i want to ask a second question along those lines, we have the kurdish forces asking for u.s. help to battle the islamic state fighters. are they making headway? >> well, the kurdish forces are stretched therein, sharing a 1km border. they are appealing for assistance. we met the spokesperson of the
peshmerga. they need heavy weapons. they want to target erbil and the oil fields. there's a lot of strategic territory. oil fields, power stations. the islamic state has to take the areas if it wants to create a viable state, that is what they want. this has been difficult for the kurds. the kurds managed to recapture the town. they lost a lot of territory, what we saw for ourselves is people are scared, and the kurdish forces are quite edgy. >> reporter: as we approached the entrances of mack more we saw a stream of vehicles heading out. people returned to the town south-west of erbil, only to pack and leave again. mack more was in the hands of the islamic group. on sunday kurdish peshmerga
forces recaptured it, but not without a fight or the help of the u.s. air force. many of the kurdish residents don't feel safe. >> next door, yes, that's why i move it. because i don't want to die for nothing. >> islamic state group fighters retreated. they are not far away. it's hard to see how an ill-equipped force can hold the open ground if not for the u.s. air strikes. they started on friday. after the group evolved, mack more was the only territory they retook. kurdish troops are stretched thin. >> this is one of the many front lines in northern iraq. kurdish forces now share a 1,000km border with the islamic state group. that group is well armed. it managed to capture u.s.-made vehicles, arms from the army, when they abandoned their
positions in june. officials in the kurdistan government are asking the committee for support. the u.s. provided them with ammunition. that is not enough. they want heavy weapons because the islamic group's intention is to target erbil. >> no, president obama's decision helped us by when they attacked, that this - that i.s.i.s. is on the ground. i believe it is very important to continue with the support, otherwise they are dangerous. >> mack more is about an hour's drive from erbil, the capital of the kurdish region, for now, the u.s. air strikes slowed down on advance. kurdish officials acknowledge that defeating them will not be easy without the support of
sunnis. iraq's communities need to unit if they are to get rid of a growing threat to the country. >> there's a lot of attention focused on the islamic state. we have to remember there are other groups fighting on the ground, against the shia led government. in june they took territory and pushed the army out of the heartland. months earlier there was a sunni protest movement. people protesting the agreement, saying they feel marginalized. we need to bring the people into the political process for a salesian. >> thank you zeina khodr in erbil. now to jane araf who is at the bag it campbella example near the iraq-syria border. there are so many people arriving at the camps. what stories are you hearing from them? >> horrific stories.
these people here are essentially survivors, but as you can see from the signs and their faces they don't feel safe yet. the stories they are telling us are of relatives who died on the mountain, sinjar mountain, where they escaped the onslaught of the islamic state fighters. some of the women tell tales of having their sisters, mothers taken away. they are members of the yazidi minority. the islamic state declared that they want to exterminate them. following the women into slavery, and doing terrible things to them. eastern here has we'll tifs who died. they managed to walk down the mountain. they are demanding to be tape out of iraq. they have to prospect of being
saved anywhere. >> what is the situation in the camps. people arriving hungry, tired. are re able to get enough food, medical attention and shelter. there's not enough of anything. essentially what they have is shelter. there's tents set up by the unhcr. as we drove, we were behind people with trucks and cars and big cooking pots of food, and bottles of water. a lot of the aid coming to the refugees came from the local people. the government is overwhelmed. it's not the government, it's a challenge of trying to launch a humanitarian attempt. a lot of agencies are not here for security reasons, or logistical reasons. they don't have enough water, there's one shower for thousands of people. they are getting food here.
that's about all. it's a camp of traumatized people. still a need of an awful lot of things. >> thank you very much for bringing us that scope from the camp in northern iraq. now, the trial of ousted egyptian president hosni mubarak resumed. he along with his interior minister and other senior officials are charged with killing 850 unarmed demonstrators during the shop-ja popular uprising in -- egyptian popular upricing in 2006. we look back on how it got to this point. >> his leadership appeared rock solid. but the arab spring left him with this, a lengthy trial conducted from a courtroom cage. hosni mubarak came to power in 1981, taking obvious after president anwar sadat was
assassinated. hosni mubarak portrayed himself as an commoning reformer. the result was a system that benefitted those closest to him, leaving others with little. hosni mubarak made enemies. he survived six assassination attempts, and armed groups repeatedly targeted the tourism industry he built. >> nobody in the worth could give you 100% guarantee in any place in the world. >> he responded by clamping down, not just on the potential attackers, but any perceived opponents. but in joint enterprise 2011, egyptians became emboldened after seeing people in tunisia overthrow their long-time leader. tens of thousands took to the streets, calling for jobs, democracy and the end of mubarak's rule.
>> people from all classes and religious backgrounds came together. >> we are not moving. >> reporter: security forces and hosni mubarak's supporters tried to crush the demonstrations. after 18 days of protests, more than 800 protesters were killed. finally on february the 11th, 2011, his vice president announced that hosni mubarak had resigned. >> president hosni mubarak decided to wave the office of the republic and instructed the supreme council of the armed forces to run the averages of the country. >> the crowds in cairo's tahrir square erupted with joy. it seemed like the end of a dark chapter in history, hosni
mubarak was taken to hospital. prosecutors ordered he be placed under detention, along with his two sons. a lengthy trial got under way. over a year later hosni mubarak was found guilty of failing to stop the killing of protesters, and gaoled for life. however, the court threw out that conviction at the beginning of last year on technical grounds and ordered a new trial. separately another court ordered him to three years corruption. after a year upped the democratically -- under the democratically elected mohamed mursi. the egyptians are under the rule of the government. >> al jazeera is demanding the release of its three journalists, imprison ied in egypt for -- imprisoned in egypt for 228 days. peter greste, mohamed fadel
fahmy and baher mohamed ja accused of helping the outlawed mood where are? june, peter greste and mohamed fadel fahmy from given 7 year sentences and baher mohamed ab extra three because he had a spent bullet in his possession, picked up on a protest. coming up, why these containers are in the middle of roads that lead to the pakistani capital. plus... >> i'm rory challands in africa where an arrests for those without proper nationality. and a new manager able to enjoy his first night at old trove ord. -- trafford. renewed fighting in gaza as the 72 hour truce enters a third and time day. the assault be gap a month ago.
64 israeli soldiers and three stillansian -- civilians. over 1900 palestinians have been have been killed. more than 2, 900 people are seeking shelter in u.n. facilities. our correspondent in gaza, jane ferguson, joins us live from there. it's looking like an ordinary scope at a market. the end of this ceasefire must be looming over a lot of people. >> it is. that's why so many are here. i'm in the center of gaza city. people have come to the market police where they would have nerm come if -- normally come if there hadn't been conflict and voms. they came today because they
know it's the last chance to stock up on groceries, to buy food and essentials. it's been difficult for people to do this. this normalcy is something that people are savering. we've within talking to those in the flare. people have been telling us that this is peaceful. and it's something they find rare, something precious to them. come midnight tonight this may not happen for several days or week. we want to take advantage of that. a lot of these people will not his honour to their chromes, still in the unshelters. >> many still in shelters, 50,000 not returning to the home even if there is piece. several hundred thousand
displaced and don't feel safe to stay there if the ceasefire is extended many don't want to return to the homs. they have seen one 72 hour ceasefire come and go, more bombs dropped on gaza after that ceasefire. there must have been short ceasefires broken unexpectedly. people taken by surprise. as we are hearing. even though no bombs are landing on gaza, five people have been killed in the north of the gaza strip. one of them a foreign journalist of the they were out with a group of bomb disposal experts, believed to have been killed amongst the dead or those whose job it is to go around and find unexploded ordinances, bombs dropped by the israelis and have not gone off. it's a huge safety issue across
gaza. bombs that have not gone off landed in people's gardens and space, sometimes in the streets they are dangerous. as we have seen tragically one exploded while the team was at works and journalist were filming them doing so. al jazeera profiled the team, going about doing what is a dangerous job in gaza. >> the threat will remain for some time. thank you for bringing us the scope from gi your. indirect talks between israel and hamas are occurring, we have been speaking to representatives. >> translation: as you are aware, we had the delegation last week. 11 days had passed.
the process was slowed by the israelis, they are wasting time, in addressing our demands. we'll negotiate through egyptian intermediaries. the israelis are still manoeuvring, manipulating, bargaining, accepting our demands, manipulating words. there's another round of talks. we hope it will give them a break through for a ceasefire, and having the palestinian demands met - namely lifting the siege from gaza strip ja. >> you can hear that full interview with hamas leader on "talk to al jazeera" this saturday. the pakistani government has blocked roads to stop potential protesters from entering the capitol islamabad. imran khan is planning a mass
rally against ballot rigging in elections. we have more. >> all major entry points into the city have been sealed off by consamers. few routes are open. they are expected to be closed soon. the prime minister is speaking before the nation said that he wished for economic progress and those threatening to parch on islamabad, were against progress. he said he was ready to form a judicial commission to hold an inquiry into allegations of rigging. imran khan said it was unacceptable. that whatever happened, he and his supporters would march on islamabad on august the 14th, and, therefore, the authorities ever taking no chances, wanting to prevent the crowds from
entering the city of islamabad. there's crit stix that the public overreact by sealing off the city. people are not able to go to hospitals. schools are closed and the capital of pakistan is at a stand still. >> it's very disturbing. everything is at a stand steel. roads are sealed off with containers. people are stuck in houses. people are not able to get into hospitals. >> the chief of police of the libyan capital has been shot dead. he was gunned down in tripoli's eastern suburbs whilst two body guards were kidnapped and released. it comes as rival militias clash in the city. more than 120 people have been killed in violence over the past month.
libya's parliament approved an election of a president. the first time since the election of muammar gaddafi in 2011. the ukranian prime minister denied entry to a russian aid convi in the east, calling it an act of russian cynicism. troops are intensifying. we have a report from a city where fighting has driven many to seek shelter. >> reporter: this woman arrived from luhansk. she's been offered refuge in a friend's house. she's 75 and knew it was time to leave when hit by shrapnel >> translation: shelling started suddenly. i wept into my yard. it fell 20 yards away from me. there was an explosion. small stones, and small pieces of metal.
at first i thought i was seriously injured. i was lifted up, and then fell town. they came back to me. >> reporter: valentina is staying with nine refugees. many opened up their homes to those that fled the violence. the population has grown by a quarter. the red cross told us 10,000 refugees arrived in the past two months and it's time to act. >> the situation to improve the world should support the peaceful people who live here, they should help to avoid the humanitarian disaster. the help is too small and nod sufficient. it's important that the international society puts on end to it. in the separatist strong holds of donetsk and luhansk, the fighting goes on. people are struggling and running out of supplies.
russia, which has been accused of supporting the separatists is sending what it says is an aid convoy. ukraine will not let it past its border unless they check what is being sent. >> translation: we don't consider the possibility of the movement of a russian convoy. >> ukranian territory. this has to be done in accordance with ordinary procedures. we have to involve additional resources and are ready to do this pause of a large amount of aid. the red cross is responsible for the cord nation and delivery of this aid. >> all this as this woman and her new family are left to rely on one another. waiting for the conflict to end so they are finally right to go home. now, russians have until october the 5th to declare their
foreign passports, risking being criminal used. the new law is needed say some. that it is yeses. >> in many ways this is a typical russian, he drinks, lives in the sub urn suburbs of pos coe. because he is israeli he must register as a duel citizen and is considering whether to stay here. >> translation: i'm concerned about the law. i think it's not the end of it, just the beginning. they may eventually force people to choose between two citizenships, and people don't have a choice whether to follow it, because fines are imposed. human rights groups say the law itself is not bad, but are worried about how it might be
used. >> there's a wave of hysteria. and it seems like the law was, indeed, adopted hastily on the wave of that anti-western hysteria. and that is why we are afraid that implementation will be problematic. >> how many will the law affect. how many duel nationals are in russia. that's a question mark here, because the government has never countered. some estimates put the figure as high as 10 million, a lot of participation columnists. >> the russian government believes that it is a people that give part of the heart to another country. probably they will have some duties in the other government. and this, this government is aggressive like great britain, the united states. it's reasonable to do it
carefully. >> crimeans get to the beginning of next year to comply. russian expats will have to register the next time they are in the country. let's get an update on the weather with steph. it's looking wet in china. >> that's right. even where the rain stops, there's so much water in the rivers, that some are overflowing the banks. let's look at the latest pictures. this is the city remember looking at yesterday, we are see worst flooding, scenes like this, and water wading around and people act get away with boats and hundreds of boats. >> it's not dry for all of us, there's a crowd stretching all
the way. the northern parts of vietnam - we have reports of flooding here. the most i have seen for the southern parts, it's over 100mm of rain in the south, and the rain has been heavier, if anything, over parts of taiwan. it's been the rain not just in 24 hours, but over a period of days. in four gays we see over 500mm of rain in places. elsewhere there's more, over 460mm of rain in two days. that is a phenomenal amount of rain. the ground is fully sat rated, having the participation of causing landlids. heavy rain to come for tomorrow. >> thank you very much. still ahead - u.s. president obama calls for calm in the city of st louis following unrest after the shooting of a black
he's waiting for the federal court to decide whether or not to keep his jobs. it's the final day for a # 2 hour ceasefire between hamas and israel. a team of volunteers tries to dismantle an unexploded rocket. the trial of hosni mubarak has resumed. other junior officials are charged with killing 850 unarmed nontors during the uprising in 2011. let's get more on the situation in iraq. we are joined live from beirut. it's extraordinary, isn't it, that nouri al-maliki is refusing to go. hopefully that the courts will choose him as the rightful prime minister. that's really the character
of a feeble leader, someone that cannot read the reality in front of him. there's a yup fersal consensus. the sooner the prime minister realising this, the better it will be for iraq. as a character, nouri al-maliki has demonstrated during the past six years that he is an aggressive fighter. unfortunately he seems to fight for himself, and not the country. he warns the security forces not to get involved in the political process. he does wonder how else he can upset the transfer of the power. >> i think that the real power, decision making process will be in parliament now. already several of the allies within the party have turned
against him because the number two man haiderrk al-abadi has been appointed in his place. the military will play an important role, but the military demonstrated during the past several weeks and months that it is not willing to undertake these kinds of wars, to beef up a particular ready and stand behind another. the military failed to defend iraq. it will be ludicrous to assume that it can go ahead and defend nouri al-maliki. there's a great deal of measure on the military because of the moor record they are showing in defending the country. nouri al-maliki can no longer pretend to lead the military. >> interesting that you have the u.s. and iran turning their blacks on nouri al-maliki. they were allies for a long title. it's the crux of the matter. nouri al-maliki was an invngs of
the iranians, who have been running the country of iraq. all of a sudden, the security council advisors has essentially given up on them and congratulated the successor, the ease of which this was done should be a warning not just to him, but others in the region, including bashar al-assad, that the iranians will put prague matrix ahead. when the iranians wash their hands of nouri al-maliki, i think the writing was on the wall, and that is why he'll probably go sooner rather than later. >> ut mentioned the iraqi army and the kurdish forces taking on the main fight. they are calling for a lot more support. one wonders down the line what
this does, how it boots a bid for kurdish independence. if, in fact, iraq is to remain in tact, all of the decision making process has to be channelled. the reality on the ground is that there's a de facto trad eggs, with the kurds assuming responsibility. it's up to the new president, who is an iraqi, and the designated prime minister, mr haiderrk al-abadi and others to find out whether they can salvage the federal system in place, or whether iraqi is looking at petition down the line. i think we are not out of the woods. iraq is facing tremendous challenges over the next several months and years. it is too soon to tell how it will end up. the good news is i think that there are individuals now in iraq who are finally realising that they have to do
something to include everyone in the country in the decision-making process. something that maliki did not allow. >> great to speak to you. thank you for joining us from beirut. >> thank you. >> thousands of people were europe are believed to have joined the islamic state, and foreign fighters in iraq and syria included dozens from south-east asian nations such as malaysia e, singaore and other nations. we have this report from jakarta. indonesia is moving fast. sympathizers of the islamic state are being arrested around the country. officials say the ideological message drew 50 million indonesians to the fighting in iraq. they have responded to videos like this one, made by indonesians already in syria.
>> translation: if we don't act against this, it will revive terrorism in our country, we are the ones who suffer, not iraq. >> reporter: the islamic state group made its presence felt at a protest six months ago. in june it was blamed for an attack. the government prides itself on the apparent success of previous campaigns against militant networks. the attraction remains. hundreds of people, including the network responsible for the 2002 bombings wore support for the group. >> never before have countries responded so strongly against a militant network. countries like indonesia and malaysia are worried approximately revive networks.
some say it's xag rated. some have questioned indonesia's response. >> translation: i think they are going overboard. the islamic state is not a threat. they can't threaten indonesia and don't have to power to ipp vate our country. it's not sure if they can invade our country. >> reporter: many others support the government actions against the islamic state group. in march, across the country, people are urged not to join the group. >> there's not a single islamic organization that supports the group. all of us reject i.s.i.s., because the actions and deeds are against the teachings of islam. >> having felt the impact of
islamic mill tansy, indonesia made it clear of the intention of another war in syria and iraq. u.s. president obama promised a full investigation over the shooting of a black teenager by lis in the city of st louis, it sparked two nights of violent protests. diane eastabrook has more. >> reporter: anger is spreading in eastern missouri over michael brown's death. in clayton, st louis country seat. demonstrators paraded down street, demanding the arrest of a police station and an end to what they say is a history of racial profiling here. >> i don't want the society to see this african american thing. we want justice period. for youth, for our people, people of colour, all people
period. that's why we are here. >> we don't want a cover up, we are very scared and skeptical. we historically have been divided. >> tensions are in overdrive since a teenager was shot. the shooting parked rioting, looting and stand offs with cops. ferguson police refused to name the officers, citing a flood of death treats against him and others. the reverent joint the attorney, demanding the officer's surname and justice for the team. no one has the right to take that child's name and drag it through the mud because you angry. don't be so angry that you distort the image of who his mother and father told us he was. don't be a traitor to michael
brown. >> sharpton was clear. he wanted on end to the violence and rioting. now, venezuela and columbia have begun to close their shared border every night for a month. it's hoped it will stop the flooding. for example, a litre of gasoline costs under $0.02 in venezuela, and in columbia, that same theatre costs there is.is it. a kiloof corn flower cost $0.20 in venezuela, and $1.25 in columbia. >> venezuela jned paid 80 cents for a pocket of lieu paper. >> we have this report from kakuta. opinions remain divided on the
issue. it is un. longest borders in latin america. and now it's shut down. 17,000 venezuelan soldiers have been sent to curb the trafficking of goods into columbia. venezuela considers it responsible for the shortages affecting the country. columbia complains of a lose of tax revenues. >> i agree with closing the border. hopefully in this way we'll find food and more. these people take it all. >> from 10:00 pm to 5am for a month, no car, motorcycle or person will go through. trucks are banned from 6:00 pm. the president of columbia and venezuela agreed to the measure as part of what they call a shock plan for the border. many say it's affecting regular
people. >> i guess i'm not going home tonight. i'll have to wait until tomorrow. real criminals don't operate here. >> years of subsidy and vice control made smuggling a huge business. the venezuela government says 40% of all the food spent through border states are smuggled into columbia. by the look at what is sold at the wholesale mark, the number may not be too far off. >> they would rather sell legal columbian products, that can't compete against the venezuelan prices. >> translation: they'll continue to come in. the police and army receive a cut. the goods keep coming. the biggest issue is corruption. columbia and venezuelan promise this time it will be different, and that their plan will bring back legality to a region out of
control. >> all the sport is coming up, including world tennis novak djokovic surviving a scare in cincinnati. find out which other big name wasn't so lucky. and hollywood mourns another loss. lauren bacall, a star from the golden era. dies at the age of 89. >> movie reel: you just put your lips together and blow. >> edge of eighteen >> i thought grades would get me into college. >> the tough realities >> the bullying became
too much to take for me. >> my parents basically hated each other. >> facing our kids >> that's not how life works, apparently. >> look what i have for you... you can't have it. >> i'm not giving up - my father can't take those dreams away from me. >> dreaming big >> i've got to get into at least one of these top schools... there's no way i can't. >> i would like to run for president of the united states. >> confronting fears >> i have a confession to make. >> i don't wanna have to take out loans. >> i took the pregnancy test. >> making their future, real >> that dream was crushed, you're done... you weren't good enough. >> fifteen cameras, one incredible journey >> let me experience life, let me fly, let me be a bird. >> i know what i want, i know what i have to do to get it. >> revealing, intimate, unexpected >> you will not believe what just happened. >> this is life >> i'm just gonna prove my family wrong. >> "on the edge eighteen" coming september only on al jazeera america
new delhi's high court says some of the fruits and vegetables indian families eat every day are toxic and unfit for humans. we have this report from the streets of the indian capital. >> an amateur former for the past year and a half. this man started to grow organic vegetables on the roof top to make sure the family eats healthy. the fear of pesticide pushed them to grow them their own. >> i feel educated. the food that i'm consuming and my son are consuming. it's so toxic. 20, 30, 40 years down the line, you don't know the diseases. >> reporter: this kind of awareness is not common. indians buy vegetables daily or weekly, unaware of where the food has come from or what it's
been sprayed with. fruit and vegetables from one farm may be safe, and from another could be contaminated. >> we brought fruit, common this time of year at random locations across new dealie, and sent them to a lab to be tested by the same methods used by the government. the surprising result. no pesticides on any of the fruit or vam tables. the government's testing found some. our results cailent the battery of tests done over the year by advocacy groups which found excessive amounts of pesticides. >> one group is consumer boys, the report was accepted by the high court. it said there was a good reason for the anone louse results. >> depends when and who is using the pesticides. no one will say they are misusing pesticides.
the environment group adds that the testing is difficult. he warns that heavy metals not tested for are a pigger problem. >> what has gone in the body of the pesticide, and no amount of cooking or washing will team them away. >> people like this are doing their best to avoid contaminants. the family invested in a cleaner, because they can't grow all the vegetables they need. to eat toxic free, they don't mind the ca effort. and now time for the sport. >> thank you. we start with football knew, and cristiano ronaldo's world cup disappointment look to be a fast-fading memory. he scored twice. cristiano ronaldo's effort ensured he took top billing for the european champions.
new signings crews and rodriguez. real beat last season's winners. leading 2-0. >> we'll win an important trophy. and the other team played fantastic. i scored two goals, which was very important for me, to give me confidence to start the season. i feel happy. won trophy. the favourite. we'll interrupt the sport to take you to cairo, we have the former president hosni mubarak giving his testimony in a courtroom there. let's listen in. >> i solemnly respect and honour your presence. it is an education to honour, respect and appreciation for the judges of egypt, which stand
testimonial to the honour of the judiciary and the judge throughout my ten u as a president. i have been closely following as the court panel is about to close the case. i thank you for granting me the right guaranteed to be by the rule of law to speak on my own behalf defending myself. in addition to the defense presented on my behalf by my counsellor. i address the court panel with firm conviction that the wheel of history can never roll
backwards. i repeat wheel of history can never role backwards, and no one can falsify the facts of history. history appreciates honest men. justifying and testifying for honest men at the end of the day, it is not sensible that only the true facts will be established before god and the law. after i give up my office as a president. i, together with my family have been targeted by fierce campaigns of defamation, and my tenure as a president came under
similar attack, turning a blind eye to all the achievements made failing to remember any achooets and remembering all the setbacks. after more than 62 years i have exhausted serving the homeland in addition to the long years i have been serving in the armed forces. then a vice president, then a president. i a thought in all the wars to which egypt was engaged. i participated in the rebuilding of the air forces following the 67 war, and then i took the lead in the 1973 wars.
i have never sold power or authority. i reiterate - i never ran after power or authority. you are fully aware of the dire conditions under which i assumed the responsibility as a president following the assassination of the president who was murdered by terrorists. during my tenure i had assumed huge responsibilities, i endured in my office, israeli manoeuvres, until israel withdrew from sinai in 1982, follow a withdrawal in 1986 whereby and we restored the last inch of our occupying
territories. i managed our bit lateral relations with israel as if walking on barbed wire against abandoning national interest right. i refuse to spay a visit to israel so long as the occupation of palestinian authorities remained and i adhere to the principles of peace process, sponsoring the peace talks between west bank and gaza strip ja. i never hesitated to supply for to the palestinians in gaza strip ja. i stad up to the attempts to threaten the national security through the strip.
i worked and preserved peace. i didn't gamble the lives of egyptians in uncalculating adventures. meantime, was keen on developing the egyptian armed force, gear, weaponry and training to continue and remain the defending guardian and the shield protecting the homeland and the sovereignty of egypt, along with peace. since day one i have encountered the challenge of terrorism, where i fought a fierce battle, senior to the one i am fighting now. egypt in its war against terrorism in the '80s, and '90s, won victory. and by the grace of god and the
support of our people, with leadership, we will live in the face of that terrorism today. we are also required to face a higher and bigger challenge. it is the rebuilding of deteriorating infrastructure and economy justed by wars. we continued in our economic reform in lying with the spirit of modernity. we succeeded in writing off for 27 billion representing half of egypt's external dates. liberated our economy, opened it to the world. provided the positive atmosphere
attracteded to investors. our economic policies aimed at providing opportunities for making business a livelihood for millions of egyptians, and our econo economy. it scored the highest rate of growth, and the highest rates throughout history. without abandoning our role to provide social welfare and social justice to the citizens. weeing like many other challenges stood up to these obstacles, many achievements were made to egypt and its people. despite the huge growth of population representing great pressure on the resources and
economy. stat and statistics stand testimony which are recorded oouthent kated and -- outedent kated and available in the public domain. yet there's no room to delve in the matter at the moment. i am not concerned with the attempts made by many to obsecure my role in the victory of the 1973 war, which i played with conpleat convection and -- conpleat conviction and faith with god i'm not each consouth-easterned that... date -- concerned that...